A brief Wisconsin history
, Wisconsin was home to just Indians and a relative few settlers & southwest Wisconsin miners
Black hawk War ends and the signing over of the Indians land
opening of Land Settlement offices in Wisconsin
nearly half of WisconsinÔÇÖs people were living in the southwest lead mining region, producing half of America's lead
, the opening of the Erie Canal. Travel for immigrants made easier,
traveling from US East coast port, Hudson River, Erie Canal, Great Lakes and on to Wisconsin.
Another immigrants port of entry was Quebec City, then Great Lakes to Wisconsin Harbors
mass advertising & letters home in Northern Europe of settlement land in Wisconsin
1848 Wisconsin becomes a State
, the first east-west railroad from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi was complete.
Soon after, a line from Milwaukee to La Crosse opened, and other lines were extended north from Chicago.
America's first transcontinental railroad is completed with a ceremony at Promontory, Utah.
Again travel for immigrants made easier
"largest concentration of 19th century old-world settlements in America is found along the Wisconsin shore of Lake Michigan
" -- Wisconsin's Ethnic Settlement Trail (W.E.S.T.)
Milwaukee evolved as port city.
Started out exporting leather & grain back east, then importing shoes & flour at a much higher expense.
Having a large amount of Iron just west of West Bend, Milwaukee decided to make their own finished products,
so they created industrial foundries and machine shops
to make the gears and tooling to grind the grains and make the shoes and so started the industries,
besides beer, that made Milwaukee famous.
Between 1840 & 1880,
400 families (including my relatives) of Luxembourg decent
settled 30 miles north of Milwaukee, Wisconsin in the Port Washington/Belgium area.
Making it the largest settlement of Luxembourgers in the Americas.
When I was a kid, I remember Luxembourg/German was spoken by many of the old timers.